Building Community Capacity for Tourism Development.
Tourism is often used by policy makers as a leading tool for economic and social development. , Successful implementation of tourism-led development schemes, particularly in peripheral or remote regions, is increasingly understood to depend on the ability of local communities to participate effectively in tourism market activities whereas the benefits promised by developers are too often exceeded by the negative consequences of tourism in such areas. Moscadro proposes an alternative to the typical CBT planning approach. , Community Based Tourism proponents assume that tourism is desirable. , The area&rsquo,s resources are identified through research with key stakeholders as a basis for strategic planning. , CBT is an advocatory platform for tourism development rather than a critical assessment of tourism development proposals. , Her alternative model &ldquo,places the creation or enhancement of a tourism knowledge base before decisions are made about tourism. , This approach also includes the step of critically evaluating tourism against other development options and explicitly allows for a decision to be made to not to pursue tourism at all.&rdquo, (p11). Following her Introduction, Gianna Moscardo&rsquo,s book is organised into 3 Parts: Improving Knowledge of Tourism development and Its Impacts, Improving Community Knowledge of Tourism Development, and, Improving Community Participation in Tourism Development. The 12 Chapters examine development practice in remote Australia and south America, Asia, Africa, the south Pacific and less developed destinations in America. , Moscardo makes the interesting point that 11 of her 13 authors are women. , , In her Conclusions, the editor emphasises five themes of the book: tourism development is best seen as part of community capacity development, the process that result in tourism impacts require further research, CBT and ecotourism hold the greatest potential for many regions, knowledge generation and management is important, and, social capital has a critical role in community capacity and sustainable development. It is perhaps a sign of the maturing of tourism as an academic field of study that its leading researchers are moving away from tourism as the unit of analysis to thinking about tourism processes and structures in broader social and environmental contexts. , Tourism researchers, lecturers and advanced students will benefit from reading Building Community Capacity for Tourism Development, as will those designing and managing NGO programmes, and government or regional tourism administrators.